The NAPESS Journal of Physical Education & Sports Science, Under the aegis of NAPESS
ISSN 2229 – 7049 NAPESS – Journal Of Physical Education And Sports Science (Print)
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22011 Vol: 1 Issue: 2010

PERSONALITY TRAITS, EMOTIONAL INTELLIGENCE AND VALUE ORIENTATION OF INTERNATIONAL CRICKETER SANJAY BANGAR

Author: Bhandare Prasad —  Co-Author: Prof. Tiwari Pratap Singh  —  Date: 2011-06-01

Abstract: To understand human nature and personality of persons psychologists are continuously striving. It is very important for any human enterprise, more so in case of sports and games, where there is not only kaleidoscopic play of emotions but also name, fame, money and much more at stake. A comprehensive understanding of human nature would contribute in great measure for the all round development of the person, sporting activity and also improving the quality of life.

-*-*-*-

PERSONALITY TRAITS, EMOTIONAL INTELLIGENCE AND VALUE ORIENTATION OF INTERNATIONAL CRICKETER SANJAY BANGAR

* Bhandare Prasad and **Prof. Tiwari Pratap Singh


ABSTRACT

To understand human nature and personality of persons psychologists are continuously striving. It is very important for any human enterprise, more so in case of sports and games, where there is not only kaleidoscopic play of emotions but also name, fame, money and much more at stake. A comprehensive understanding of human nature would contribute in great measure for the all round development of the person, sporting activity and also improving the quality of life.

A psychological analysis case study of the above mentioned subject is conducted through ex-post-facto research method. Based on the objectives of the present study, Sixteen primary personality factor questionnaire (R. B Cattel, 1969), Emotional intelligence scale (Anukool Hyde, Sanjyot Pethe and Upinder Dhar 2007) and Value orientation scale (Chauhan N.S. 1973) were administered on the subject.

It is concluded that Sanjay Bangar is good natured, easy going, emotionally expressive, ready to co-operate, attentive to people, softhearted, kindly, adaptable, quick to grasp ideas, a fast learner, intelligent, emotionally mature, stable, realistic about life, unruffled, possessing ego strength, better able to maintain solid group morale, assertive, self assured, independent minded, cheerful, active, talkative, frank, expressive, effervescent and carefree. He is exacting in character, dominated by sense of duty, preserving, responsible, planful, "fill the unforgiving minute, sociable, bold, ready to try new things, spontaneous and abundant in emotional response. His "thick skinnedness" enables them to face wear and tear in dealing with people and grueling emotional situations, without fatigue. He is tough, realistic, "down to earth", independent, responsible but skeptical of subjective, cultural elaborations, free of jealous tendencies, adaptable, cheerful, uncompetitive, concerned about others, a good team worker, anxious to do the right things, attentive to practical matters, polished, experimental and shrewd, unruffled and to have unshakable nerve. He has a mature, unanxious confidence in themselves and their capacity to deal with things. He is experimenting, interested in intellectual matters, he has doubts on fundamental issues, prefers to work and make decisions with other people and like and depend on social approval and admiration He has undisciplined self-conflict and have significant control of his emotions and general behavior. Inclination to be socially aware, careful and he has lot of self respect and high regard for social reputation. He is sedate, relaxed, composed and satisfied person.

He has high emotional intelligence and higher value orientation.


*Physical Cultural Instructor, Govt. First Grade College, Surpur, Yadgir District, Karnataka.

**Director and Professor of Physical Education

Department of Physical Education, Gulbarga University, Gulbarga-585106, Karnataka.


INTRODUCTION

To understand human nature and personality of persons psychologists are continuously striving. It is very important for any human enterprise, more so in case of sports and games, where there is not only kaleidoscopic play of emotions but also name, fame, money and much more at stake. A comprehensive understanding of human nature would contribute in great measure for the all round development of the person, sporting activity and also improving the quality of life.

A case study conducted by M. Vanvek and B. J. Cratty (1970), on Robert, who was engaged in a combative sport for his country showed that how was an introvert, selfish and generally unsociable even though he was outgoing with people in a superficial way.

Sunil Gavaskar; His Life, Career and Contributions to Cricket, a case study was done by S. Sivaramakrishnan (1989). He concluded that, Sunil Gavaskar is a bit reserved, deviates towards more intelligence, affected by feelings, submissive, serious, slightly conscientious, timid, sensitive, suspicious, practical, shrewd, apprehensive, and conservative and deviant to be self sufficient, controlled and tense person.

There are a large number of studies on groups and categories of people in relation to personality, socio economic status, emotional intelligence, value orientation, locus of control, level of aspiration, self confidence, achievement motivation and mental endurance etc. In psychology individuals are studied in a comprehensive in a clinical setting. But one feels that understanding an individual who has made a mark, who has been greatly successful, who has been a highly influential railway employee and international cricketer represented indian cricket team.

Sanjay Bapusaheb Bangar born october 11, 1972, Bid, Maharashtra is a feisty allrounder who opens both the batting and the bowling for railways in India's Ranji Trophy, Sanjay Bangar is an exciting prospect - and something of a lucky mascot for India, who won five and drew one of his first six Tests, including three rare overseas victories. Bangar bowls wicket-to-wicket at a lively pace, and can move the ball both ways. As a batsman, he has been a steady accumulator of runs at domestic level, but also has an impressive fourth gear: his lusty hitting at No. 6 helped the Board President's XI to a victory in the 1998 Wills Trophy. An untimely injury kept him out of cricket for a while, but he returned in style, with a fine hundred against Zimbabwe in only his second Test, batting at No. 7, before moving to the top of the order to play a crucial role in India's historic innings victory over England at Headingley in 2002.

Hence the present researcher has felt necessary to conduct a case study on former international cricketer Sanjay Bangar to assess his level of personality traits, emotional intelligence and value orientation.

STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM

The problem formulated for the present study is to find out the level of personality traits, emotional intelligence, value orientation and achievements of former international cricketer Sanjay Bangar.

OBJECTIVES OF THE PRESENT STUDY

1. To study the level of personality traits of former international cricketer Sanjay Bangar.

2. To find out the level of emotional intelligence of former international cricketer Sanjay Bangar.

3. To study the level of value orientation of former international cricketer Sanjay Bangar.

HYPOTHESES

· There would be high scores in the sixteen primary personality factors of Sanjay Bangar.

· Sanjay Bangar would have high level of emotional intelligence, and value orientation.

DELIMITATIONS

· The research is delimited to study personality traits, emotional intelligence and value orientation of former international cricketer Sanjay Bangar.

· The study methods are delimited to interview and psychological questionnaire testing.

LIMITATIONS

· The study is limited to responses given by the subject to three psychological questionnaires and tests.

· The psychological conditions like anxiety, stress and strain of the subject are beyond the control of the investigator. Hence, they are the considered as limitations of the study.

SIGNIFICANCE OF STUDY

· This study assumes great significance given its comprehensive study of a former international cricketer Sanjay Bangar.

· This study will reveal the level personality traits, emotional intelligence and value orientation of former international cricketer Sanjay Bangar.

· This study will helps in assuming his achievements in relation to his personality traits, emotional intelligence and value.

METHODOLOGY

Tools

Following standardized tests and questionnaires were used in the present study,

1. Cattell's 16 PF Form 'C'Questionnaire (R.B. Cattell 1969)

2. Emotional Intelligence Scale (Anukool Hyde, Sanjyot Pethe and Upinder Dhar 2007).

3. Value Orientation Scale (Chauhan N.S. 1973).

Test Administration and Collection of Data

To collect necessary data pertaining to the present case study through questionnaires and interview method. The subject was administered to the Cattell's Sixteen Personality Factors Questionnaire (Form 'C'), Emotional Intelligence Scale and Value Orientation Scale. The data were in the form of answer given by the subject in response to the various questions of the questionnaire which are present in the questionnaires asked through interview method. The subject completed answering the questionnaire within the stipulated time after which the questionnaires were collected back and the standard scoring key was used to get the score. The scores were analyzed with the help of the standardized norms [key] provided in the tabular supplement of tests manual all questionnaires.

ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION OF DATA

Sports activities affect the process of personality development in ways more than one. Social and environmental pressures, biological factors, frustration and tension in life are to be mended with full attention to develop mature form of personality. The present case study has been to assess the personality traits, emotional intelligence and value orientation of former international cricketer Sanjay Bangar and were assessed and presented in the following tables.

Analysis of 16 Primary Personality Factors

Table 1

Scores of 16 Primary Personality Factors

Sl.No.

Sixteen.P.F

Stens

1

A

10

2

B

9

3

C

10

4

E

9

5

F

10

6

G

9

7

H

10

8

I

3

9

L

3

10

M

7

11

N

9

12

O

3

13

Q1

9

14

Q2

3

15

Q3

10

16

Q4

3

According to table 1 scores the subject have shown a tendency or inclination towards the higher direction or high sten score description in ten (A, B, C, E, F, G, H, N, Q1 and Q3) out of sixteen personality factors. The subject was average in one (M) out of the sixteen factors.

Towards the lower direction or low sten score description in five (I, L,O,Q2 and Q4) out of the sixteen personality factors.

Findings of the 16 primary personality factors

Factor A: Reserved Vs Outgoing

Sanjay Bangar tends to be good natured, easy going, emotionally expressive, ready to co-operate, attentive to people, softhearted, kindly and adaptable. He like occupations dealing with people and socially impressive situations and he rapidly from active groups. He is generous in personal relations, less afraid of criticism, and better able to remember names of people.

Factor B: Less Intelligent Vs More Intelligent

Sanjay Bangar tends to be quick to grasp ideas, a fast learner, intelligent. There is some correlation with level of culture, and some with alertness.


Factor C: Affected by Feelings Vs Emotionally Stable

Sanjay Bangar tends to be emotionally mature, stable, realistic about life, unruffled, possessing ego strength, better able to maintain solid group morale.

Factor E: Submissive Vs Dominant

Sanjay Bangar was assertive, self assured and independent minded. He tend to be authoritarian (managing others).

Factor F: Sober Vs Enthusiastic

Sanjay Bangar tends to be cheerful, active, talkative, frank, expressive, effervescent and carefree. He was frequently chosen as elected leader. He may be impulsive and mercurial.

Factor G: Expedient Vs Conscientious

Sanjay Bangar tends to be exacting in character, dominated by sense of duty, preserving, responsible, planful, "fill the unforgiving minute". He was usually conscientious and moralistic and he prefers hard working people to witty companions.

Factor H: Timid Vs Venturesome

Sanjay Bangar was sociable, bold, ready to try new things, spontaneous and abundant in emotional response. His "thick skinned ness" enables them to face weal and tear in dealing with people and grueling emotional situations, without fatigue.

Factor I: Tough-minded Vs Tender-minded

Sanjay Bangar tends to be tough, realistic, "down to earth", independent, responsible but skeptical of subjective, cultural elaborations. He tends to keep a group operating on a practical and realistic "no-nonsense" basis.

Factor L: Trusting Vs Suspicious

Sanjay Bangar tends to be free of jealous tendencies, adaptable, cheerful, uncompetitive, concerned about others and a good team worker.

Factor M: Practical Vs Imaginative

Sanjay Bangar tends to be anxious to do the right things, attentive to practical matters and subject to the dictation of what is obviously possible.

Factor N: Forthright Vs Shrewd

Sanjay Bangar, tends to be polished, experimental and shrewd. His approach to people and problems is usually perceptive, hard-headed and efficient.

Factor O: Self-assured Vs Apprehensive

Sanjay Bangar tends to be unruffled and to have unshakable nerve. He has a mature, unanxious confidence in themselves and their capacity to deal with things.

Factor Q1: Conservative Vs Experimenting

Sanjay Bangar tends to be interested in intellectual matters and have doubts on fundamental issues. He was skeptical and inquiring regarding ideas, either old or new. Usually he was more well informed, less inclined to moralize, more inclined to experiment in life generally and more tolerant of inconvenience and change.

Factor Q2: Group-oriented Vs Self-sufficient

Sanjay Bangar prefers to work and make decisions with other people and like and depend on social approval and admiration.

Factor Q3: Undisciplined self-conflict Vs Following Self-image

Sanjay Bangar tends to have strong control of their emotions and general behavior, are inclined to be socially aware and careful, and evidence what is commonly forced "self respect" and high regard for social reputation.

Factor Q4: Relaxed Vs Tense

Sanjay Bangar tends to be sedate, relaxed, composed and satisfied (not frustrated).

Analysis of Emotional Intelligence Factors

Table 2

Scores of Emotional Intelligence factors

Sl.No.

Factors

Factors Name

Scores

Category

1

A

Self awareness

18

High

2

B

Empathy

22

High

3

C

Self motivation

30

High

4

D

Emotional stability

18

High

5

E

Managing relations

19

High

6

F

Integrity

14

High

7

G

Self development

9

High

8

H

Value orientation

8

High

9

I

Commitment

10

High

10

J

Altruistic behavior

9

High

Table 2 presents the scores of emotional intelligence factors. The scores of emotional intelligence factors like self awareness (18), empathy (22), self motivation (30), emotional stability (18), managing relations (19), integrity (14), self development (9), value orientation (8), commitment (10) and altruistic behavior (9) clearly indicates that the subject having high level of emotional intelligence in all the ten factors.

Findings of the Emotional Intelligence factors

1. Self Awareness

Sanjay Bangar has high ability to empathize with, feel comparison for, validate, motivate, inspire, encourage and soothe others. He has high (more) ability to make intelligent decisions using a healthy balance of emotions and reason. He was neither too emotional nor too rational. He has high ability to manage and take responsibility for one own emotions, especially the responsibility for self motivation and personal happiness.

He has high ability of recognizing and naming one's own emotions and he has high knowledge of the causes of emotions and has high ability of recognizing the difference between feelings and actions.

2. Mood Management

Sanjay Bangar has high frustration tolerance ability and anger management, eliminates verbal pull downs, fights and group disruptions, better able to express anger appropriately without resorting to violence, fewer, suspensions or expulsions, less aggressive or self-destructive behavior, more positive feelings about self, school and family, better at handling stress.

3. Self-motivation

Sanjay Bangar was more responsible, better able to focus on task at hand and pay attention, less impulsive; more self controlled and improved scores on achievement tests.

4. Empathy

Sanjay Bangar was afflictive person and he make good companion because he was pleasant and agreeable. Others feel comfortable him and like him in other words, affiliative persons have superior emotional and social skills in dealing with others, derive gratification and reward from their interpersonal contacts, and tend to be source of happiness to others.

5. Managing Relations

Sanjay Bangar was more popular and outgoing; friendly and involved with peers, more sought out by peers, more concerned and considerate, more "prosocial" and harmonious in groups, more sharing, cooperation and helpfulness, more democratic in dealing with others.

Emotional Intelligence factors level in Sanjay Bangar

· High self awareness

· High empathy

· High self-motivation

· High emotional stability

· High managing relations

· High integrity

· High self development

· High value orientation

· High commitment

· High altruistic behavior

Analysis of Value Orientation Factors

Table 3

Scores of Value Orientation factors

Sl.No.

Factors

Factors Name

Raw scores

Std. scores

Category

1

C

Cosmopolitanism

11

61.37

Higher

2

S

Scienticism

10

59.69

Higher

3

V

Venturesomeness

9

57.67

Higher

4

D

Democratism

10

56.15

Higher

5

P

Progressivism

11

62.77

Higher

6

E

Empathy

9

57.37

Higher

Table 3 presents the scores of value orientation factors. The scores of value orientation factors like cosmopolitanism (9), scienticism (9), venturesomeness (8), progressivism (8), democratism (9) and empathy (8) clearly indicates that the subject having higher level in all the six factors according to standard norms of questionnaire manual.

Findings of the Value Orientation factors

1. Localism Vs Cosmopolitanism

Sanjay Bangar was cosmopolite person. He would like to keep and promote relationship with many people even if available or distances. He was modernized and progressive mode of life.

2. Fatalism Vs Scienticism

Sanjay Bangar was scienticism in nature and believes upon scientific cause-effect relationship (i.e., an objective determination of things on the phenomenal level).

3. Non-Venturesomeness Vs Venturesomeness

Sanjay Bangar was venturesomeness in nature that relates to 'risk taking' or innovative behavior. He was experiment like person.

4. Autocratism Vs Democratism

Sanjay Bangar was democratism person, believes in new era and was tolerant and also co-operative in nature.

5. Traditionism Vs Progressivism

Sanjay Bangar was "Change Minded" person and believes in progressiveness. He believes in remaining resonant with the scientific strides that create new objects and meanings.

6. Non empathy Vs Empathy

Sanjay Bangar was empathy person and believes in individual and social roles. Both individual and social roles, integrate with each other for manufacture and exchange of utility, acquisition and communication of knowledge, creations and performances.

Based on the results of personality traits, emotional intelligence and value orientation of former international cricketer Sanjay Bangar it is felt that because of the above qualities he would able to achieve the following achievements.

Batting and fielding averages


Mat

Inns

NO

Runs

HS

Ave

BF

SR

100

50

4s

6s

Ct

St

Tests

12

18

2

470

100*

29.37

1447

32.48

1

3

57

3

4

0

ODIs

15

15

2

180

57*

13.84

239

75.31

0

1

14

3

4

0

First-class

150

248

18

7596

212

33.02

--

--

13

42

--

--

128

0

List A

104

97

8

2382

115

26.76

--

--

2

15

--

--

29

0

Twenty20

28

24

1

314

67

13.65

268

117.16

0

2

29

13

5

0

Bowling averages


Mat

Inns

Balls

Runs

Wkts

BBI

BBM

Ave

Econ

SR

4w

5w

10

Tests

12

14

762

343

7

2/23

2/23

49.00

2.70

108.8

0

0

0

ODIs

15

14

442

384

7

2/39

2/39

54.85

5.21

63.1

0

0

0

First-class

150

--

19396

8478

266

6/41

--

31.87

2.62

72.9

--

7

1

List A

104

--

3906

3276

80

4/35

4/35

40.95

5.03

48.8

2

0

0

Twenty20

28

25

482

575

26

5/16

5/16

22.11

7.15

18.5

0

1

0

Career statistics

Test debut

India v England at Mohali, Dec 3-6, 2001 scorecard

Last Test

New Zealand v India at Hamilton, Dec 19-22, 2002 scorecard



ODI debut

India v England at Chennai, Jan 25, 2002 scorecard

Last ODI

India v Zimbabwe at Adelaide, Jan 24, 2004 scorecard



First-class debut

1993/94

Last First-class

Baroda v Railways at Vadodara, Dec 24-27, 2010 scorecard

List A debut

1993/94

Last List A

Madhya Pradesh v Railways at Indore, Feb 16, 2010 scorecard

Twenty20 debut

Railways v Uttar Pradesh at Jaipur, Apr 3, 2007 scorecard

Last Twenty20

Madhya Pradesh v Railways at Jaipur, Oct 25, 2010 scorecard

  • U-15, 1987-88 for Maharashtra
  • U-19, 1990-92 for Bombay
  • Ranji Trophy, 1993-99

· Wills Trophy for Board President's XI, 1996-98


CONCLUSIONS

· Sanjay Bangar is good natured, easy going, emotionally expressive, ready to co-operate, attentive to people, softhearted, kindly, adaptable, quick to grasp ideas, a fast learner, intelligent, emotionally mature, stable, realistic about life, unruffled, possessing ego strength, better able to maintain solid group morale, assertive, self assured, independent minded, cheerful, active, talkative, frank, expressive, effervescent and carefree.

· He is exacting in character, dominated by sense of duty, preserving, responsible, planful, "fill the unforgiving minute, sociable, bold, ready to try new things, spontaneous and abundant in emotional response. His "thick skinned ness" enables them to face wear and tear in dealing with people and grueling emotional situations, without fatigue.

· He is tough, realistic, "down to earth", independent, responsible but skeptical of subjective, cultural elaborations, free of jealous tendencies, adaptable, cheerful, uncompetitive, concerned about others, a good team worker, anxious to do the right things, attentive to practical matters, polished, experimental and shrewd, unruffled and to have unshakable nerve. He has a mature, unanxious confidence in themselves and their capacity to deal with things.

· He is experimenting, interested in intellectual matters, he has doubts on fundamental issues, prefers to work and make decisions with other people and like and depend on social approval and admiration

· He has undisciplined self-conflict and have significant control of his emotions and general behavior. Inclination to be socially aware, careful and he has lot of self respect and high regard for social reputation. He is sedate, relaxed, composed and satisfied person.

· He has high emotional intelligence and higher value orientation.

REFERENCE

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10. Rozell, et.al, (2002), An Empirical Evaluation of Emotional Intelligence, The Impact on Management Development, Journal of Management Development, Vol.21, No.4, p272-89.

11. Sean Egan and Robert M. Stelmack (2002). A personality profile of Mount Everest climbers.

12. Shati, C.P.S. and Singh, R. (1988). Personality of west zone cricket players. NIS Scientific Journal, 11 (2).

13. Solmon, et.al. (1995), Value Orientations of Preservice Teachers, Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, Vol.66, No.3, p219-30.

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15. S. Sivaramakrishnan (1989). Sunil Gavaskar; His Life, Career and Contributions to Cricket, Published Ph.D. thesis, Madurai Kamraj University, Madurai.


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