Youth, in all ages, has been in the vanguard of progress and social change.
Thirst for freedom, impatience for quicker pace of progress and a passion for
innovation, coupled with idealism and creative fervour, saw the youth in the
forefront of the freedom struggle in our own land. If our youth was inspired
by the call of the Father of the Nation in the first half of this century, the
youth of today face the challenge of economic development and technological
progress with social justice.
2. The youth of India, representing a third of our population, constitute a
vital and vibrant human resource. They have a right, as well as an obligation,
to participate actively in national development and in shaping the Destiny of
the nation which is, in point of fact, their own destiny. Their problems are
many and varied and their aspirations naturally high, in a country with a
great past and greater promise for the future. The need, therefore, is to
create increasing opportunities for them to develop their personality and
their functional capability and thus make them economically productive and
3. Such opportunities have to be created on a large scale, to cover a wide
spectrum of areas of human endeavour; and they have to be made available to
youth of all strata of society, particularly the disadvantaged. All national
programmes should be directed to enable the youth to become a productive,
self-confident and committed force for national development. These programmes
must create adequate facilities for the all round development of youth and
assist in their striving for excellence in all fields.
4. This calls for an integral and their-disciplinary approach, involving both
government departments and organisations and sectors outside the Government
such as the family, educators, leaders, voluntary agencies and youth
organisations. The Central and State Governments have to provide adequate
mechanisms supportive of this process.
5. It behaves the Nation, therefore, to assist youth in getting their due
share in the country's life and progress, while equipping them to meet their
obligations adequately. It is not an easy task, but it is a necessary task, in
which not only the Government but the whole nation, including individuals,
institutions and organisations, have to be brought together in a spirit of
creative enterprise, as envisaged in this National Youth Policy.
6. The policy shall be directed towards the achievements of the following
To instill in the youth a deep awareness of and respect for the principles and
values enshrined in our Constitution and a willingness to further the rule of
law, with an abiding commitment to national integration, non-violence,
secularism and socialism;
To promote among the youth the awareness of our historical and cultural
heritage and imbue them with a sense of pride and national identify, together
with a deep commitment towards their preservation, as well as the enrichment
of the environment and ecology;
To help develop in the youth qualities of discipline, self-reliance, justice
and fair-play, a burning concern for public weal, sporting spirit and above
all, a scientific temper in their modes of thinking and action which, inter
alia, will enable them to combat superstition, osbcurantism and the numerous
social ills that beset the Nation;
To provide the youth with maximum access to education which, in addition to
developing their alround personality imparts appropriate professional and
vocational training with a view to enabling them to avail of employment and
self-employment opportunities towards the aim of Bekari Hatao; and
To make the youth aware of international issues and involve them in promoting
world peace, understanding and a just international economic order.
Plan of Action
7. The following shall represent the plan of action for the implementation of
the National Youth Policy.
1.Programmes aimed at inculcating knowledge of and respect for the
Constitution of India, together with a sense of national integrity, cultural
unity, democratic values and faith in socialism and secularism will form the
care of all youth activities.
Programmes seeking to create a thorough awareness of our history, freedom
struggle, national development, achievements of modern science and technology
and their applicability in overcoming socio-economic constraints and achieving
faster progress, without losing our cultural identify and spiritual strength,
will be implemented.
Special efforts will be made to faster and develop contracts between youth
from different parts of the country, with a view to inspire them to combat
regionalism, communalism, linguistic chauvinism and other divisive and
fissiparous tendencies, through participation in the programme of Antar Bharti.
meaningful programmes of mass education, formal and non-formal, will be
undertaken, so that the benefits of education reach all young men and women,
including non-student rural youth, with particular emphasis on the dis-advantaged
sections of our society.
Training programmes will be organised, aimed at imparting requisite skill to
youth for self-employment, improving their employability and enhancing their
productivity, while making them appreciate the dignity of labour.
Programmes will be undertaken to offer opportunities to the youth for
leadership training through personality development and character building,
and for motivating them to voluntary social and community service.
Promotion of physical fitness through mass participation in yoga, indigenous
games and modern sports will be made an integral part of all youth programmes,
together with adventure activities calculated to develop the spirit of risk
taking, team work and endurance.
Youth parents will be particularly sensitized to their responsibilities and
their own role as catelysts of social change, by being involved in movements
against various social ills, harmful practices and superstitions, and by
adopting the small family norm and appropriate family welfare measures.
True to our great tradition of viewing the world as one family, programmes,
enabling contacts and close links between the youth of India and their
counterparts all over the world, will be expanded, to promote international
understanding and strengthen world peace.
Outstanding work done by young persons and voluntary agencies in various
fields will be recognised and rewarded through a system of awards,
scholarships and the like.
8. The Ministry of Human Resource Development (now Ministry of Youth Affairs
and Sports), Government of India will be the Nodal Agency in the Government of
India for the implementation of the National Youth Policy and providing such
guidance and assistance as may be required.
9. Systematic and scientific monitoring and evaluation of the implementation
of the Policy will be done, to provide insights into the needs, and
aspirations of the youth of different levels and to assess the impact of the
programmes and the expenditure thereon in relation to stated objectives.
Monitoring and evaluation would be built into the system on an on-going basis
and necessary mid-term corrections applied.
10. maximum participation by non-governmental Institutions, public and
private, will be encouraged, and in fact sought, in the mobilisation of youth
in specific areas of national development. Programmes of youth organsiations
will be encouraged through financial and organisational support.
11. The most important component of the youth programme will be the removal of
the unemployment, both rural and urban, educated and non-educated. This shall
inform all programmes for youth undertaken by all departments of Government,
Central and State, as well as non-Governmental Agencies . This will be ensured
by all these Agencies, working in unison and in mutual consultation and
coordination. The Ministry of Human Resource Development (now Ministry of
Youth Affairs and Sports), Government of India, will make all efforts to serve
as a clearing house of data, information and ideas germane to process of
coordination, while keeping infact the independent operational aspects of each
of the Agencies.
12. The Central Government, State Governments and Voluntary Agencies will work
in close coordination in the implementation of the National Youth Policy.
Detailed exercised at the local level will be initiated in order to being
about maximum utilisation of the State and Central facilities and to avoid
duplication in all the spheres of activity that the Policy contemplates, and
to evolve effective, responsive and responsible mechanisms for these purposes.
13. A Committee for National Youth Programmes (CONYP) will be set up, bringing
together representatives of of the concerned Ministries, Departments and
National Youth Organsiations, to advise the Department (Ministry) of Youth
Affair and Sports in discharging its duties in the effective implementation of
the National Youth Policy.
14. It is significant that the National Youth Policy is being
launched in the year of the birth centenary of Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru. In the
implementation of the policy, the national and the Government will be guided
and inspired by the philosophy and vision of Pt. Nehru, who was not only the
rallying point of youth during the struggle for independence but also the man
who become a symbol of resurgent youth in Independent India. With his world
view of history and his modern, scientific temper working in unison with the
traditions and heritage of this great country, Pt. Nehru was a great humanist
who strove for the ideas of socialism, secularism and democracy. These
cardinal principles and ideas enshrined in the Constitution to India will
inform all programmes of action for implementation of this Policy, enabling
the youth of India to march forward, with confidence in themselves and faith
in the future, basing their convictions on our ancient heritage but utilising
their skills, knowledge, energies and idealism to harness the fruits of
science and appropriate technology in building a new and vibrant India.