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20/07/2019 07:07:23 pm

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  National Youth Policy 1998


Youth, in all ages, has been in the vanguard of progress and social change. Thirst for freedom, impatience for quicker pace of progress and a passion for innovation, coupled with idealism and creative fervour, saw the youth in the forefront of the freedom struggle in our own land. If our youth was inspired by the call of the Father of the Nation in the first half of this century, the youth of today face the challenge of economic development and technological progress with social justice.

2. The youth of India, representing a third of our population, constitute a vital and vibrant human resource. They have a right, as well as an obligation, to participate actively in national development and in shaping the Destiny of the nation which is, in point of fact, their own destiny. Their problems are many and varied and their aspirations naturally high, in a country with a great past and greater promise for the future. The need, therefore, is to create increasing opportunities for them to develop their personality and their functional capability and thus make them economically productive and socially useful.

3. Such opportunities have to be created on a large scale, to cover a wide spectrum of areas of human endeavour; and they have to be made available to youth of all strata of society, particularly the disadvantaged. All national programmes should be directed to enable the youth to become a productive, self-confident and committed force for national development. These programmes must create adequate facilities for the all round development of youth and assist in their striving for excellence in all fields.

4. This calls for an integral and their-disciplinary approach, involving both government departments and organisations and sectors outside the Government such as the family, educators, leaders, voluntary agencies and youth organisations. The Central and State Governments have to provide adequate mechanisms supportive of this process.

5. It behaves the Nation, therefore, to assist youth in getting their due share in the country's life and progress, while equipping them to meet their obligations adequately. It is not an easy task, but it is a necessary task, in which not only the Government but the whole nation, including individuals, institutions and organisations, have to be brought together in a spirit of creative enterprise, as envisaged in this National Youth Policy.


6. The policy shall be directed towards the achievements of the following objectives:

1.      To instill in the youth a deep awareness of and respect for the principles and values enshrined in our Constitution and a willingness to further the rule of law, with  an abiding commitment to national integration, non-violence, secularism and socialism;

2.      To promote among the youth the awareness of our historical and cultural heritage and imbue them with a sense of pride and national identify, together with a deep commitment towards their preservation, as well as the enrichment of the environment and ecology;

3.      To help develop in the youth qualities of discipline, self-reliance, justice and fair-play, a burning concern for public weal, sporting spirit and above all, a scientific temper in their modes of thinking and action which, inter alia, will enable them to combat superstition, osbcurantism and the numerous social ills that beset the Nation;

4.      To provide the youth with maximum access to education which, in addition to developing their alround personality imparts appropriate professional and vocational training with a view to enabling them to avail of employment and self-employment opportunities towards the aim of Bekari Hatao; and

5.      To make the youth aware of international issues and involve them in promoting world peace, understanding and a just international economic order.
Plan of Action

7. The following shall represent the plan of action for the implementation of the National Youth Policy.

1.      1.Programmes aimed at inculcating knowledge of and respect for the Constitution of India, together with a sense of national integrity, cultural unity, democratic values and faith in socialism and secularism will form the care of all youth activities.

2.      Programmes seeking to create a thorough awareness of our history, freedom struggle, national development, achievements of modern science and technology and their applicability in overcoming socio-economic constraints and achieving faster progress, without losing our cultural identify and spiritual strength, will be implemented.

3.      Special efforts will be made to faster and develop contracts between youth from different parts of the country, with a view to inspire them to combat regionalism, communalism, linguistic chauvinism and other divisive and fissiparous tendencies, through participation in the programme of Antar Bharti.

4.      meaningful programmes of mass education, formal and non-formal, will be undertaken, so that the benefits of education reach all young men and women, including non-student rural youth, with particular emphasis on the dis-advantaged sections of our society.

5.      Training programmes will be organised, aimed at imparting requisite skill to youth for self-employment, improving their employability and enhancing their productivity, while making them appreciate the dignity of labour.

6.      Programmes will be undertaken to offer opportunities to the youth for leadership training through personality development and character building, and for motivating them to voluntary social and community service.

7.      Promotion of physical fitness through mass participation in yoga, indigenous games and modern sports will be made an integral part of all youth programmes, together with adventure activities calculated to develop the spirit of risk taking, team work and endurance.

8.      Youth parents will be particularly sensitized to their responsibilities and their own role as catelysts of social change, by being involved in movements against various social ills, harmful practices and superstitions, and by adopting the small family norm and appropriate family welfare measures.

9.      True to our great tradition of viewing the world as one family, programmes, enabling contacts and close links between the youth of India and their counterparts all over the world, will be expanded, to promote international understanding and strengthen world peace.

10.  Outstanding work done by young persons and voluntary agencies in various fields will be recognised and rewarded through a system of awards, scholarships and the like.


8. The Ministry of Human Resource Development (now Ministry of Youth Affairs and Sports), Government of India will be the Nodal Agency in the Government of India for the implementation of the National Youth Policy and providing such guidance and assistance as may be required.

9. Systematic and scientific monitoring and evaluation of the implementation of the Policy will be done, to provide insights into the needs, and aspirations of the youth of different levels and to assess the impact of the programmes and the expenditure thereon in relation to stated objectives. Monitoring and evaluation would be built into the system on an on-going basis and necessary mid-term corrections applied.
10.    maximum participation by non-governmental Institutions, public and private, will be encouraged, and in fact sought, in the mobilisation of youth in specific areas of national development. Programmes of youth organsiations will be encouraged through financial and organisational support.


11. The most important component of the youth programme will be the removal of the unemployment, both rural and urban, educated and non-educated. This shall inform all programmes for youth undertaken by all departments of Government, Central and State, as well as non-Governmental Agencies . This will be ensured by all these Agencies, working in unison and in mutual  consultation and coordination. The Ministry of  Human Resource Development (now Ministry of Youth Affairs and Sports), Government of India, will make all efforts to serve as a clearing house of data, information and ideas germane to process of coordination, while keeping infact the independent operational aspects of each of the Agencies.

12. The Central Government, State Governments and Voluntary Agencies will work in close coordination in the implementation of the National Youth Policy. Detailed exercised at the local level will be initiated in order to being about maximum utilisation of the State and Central facilities and to avoid duplication in all the spheres of activity that the Policy contemplates, and to evolve effective, responsive and responsible mechanisms for these purposes.

13. A Committee for National Youth Programmes (CONYP) will be set up, bringing together representatives of of the concerned Ministries, Departments and National Youth Organsiations, to advise the Department (Ministry) of Youth Affair and Sports in discharging its duties in the effective implementation of the National Youth Policy.


14. It is significant that the National Youth Policy is being launched in the year of the birth centenary of Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru. In the implementation of the policy, the national and the Government will be guided and inspired by the philosophy and vision of Pt. Nehru, who was not only the rallying point of youth during the struggle for independence but also the man who become a symbol of resurgent youth in Independent India. With his world view of history and his modern, scientific temper working in unison with the traditions and heritage of this great country, Pt. Nehru was a great humanist who strove for the ideas of socialism, secularism and democracy. These cardinal principles and ideas enshrined in the Constitution to India will inform all programmes of action for implementation of this Policy, enabling the youth of India to march forward, with confidence in themselves and faith in the future, basing their convictions on our ancient heritage but utilising their skills, knowledge, energies and idealism to harness the fruits of science and appropriate technology in building a new and vibrant India.


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